Earn money from a hobby or casual work?

May 13th, 2022

Spare time earnings

The allowance means that individuals with trading income below the annual threshold may not need to report it to HMRC and may not need to pay tax on it.

This allowance may be particularly useful to those who sell items online, tutor pupils, babysit, or are self-employed in another form.

Practical implications of the allowance include:

Example – Income less than £1,000

Ellen enjoys knitting in her spare time and often knits baby clothes for her friend’s grandchildren for a small fee. During the 2020/21 tax year, she received income of £700 from this source, and her expenditure on wool & buttons amounted to £300. As Ellen’s trading income is less than £1,000, she does not need to report it to HMRC and she does not need to pay tax or national insurance contributions (NICs) on it.

Example – Income exceeding £1,000

Bobby enjoys baking and makes celebration cakes to order in his spare time. In  2020/2, his income from cake sales is £1,500 and he incurred expenses of £300. As Bobby’s expenditure is less than £1,000, he will be better off if he claims the trading allowance. His taxable profit will be £500 (£1,500 less the trading allowance of £1,000).

Beware! More than one source of trading income

Although the trading allowance may work well for many small-scale traders, care must be taken where a person’s main source of income is from self-employment and their secondary income is from a completely separate small-scale business. HMRC will combine income from all trading and casual activities when considering the trading allowance. In this type of situation, where the allowance is claimed, the individual will not be able to claim for any expenditure, regardless of how many businesses they have and how much their total business expenses are.

Example – More than one income source

Mark is a self-employed aga engineer and has income of £30,000 in  2020/2. His business expenditure for the year is £10,000. In his spare time, Mark buys and sells old collectable Lego via the internet. During  2020/2 he received net income of £1,000 from this source. If Mark claims the trading allowance against his part-time income, he will be unable to claim expenses of £10,000 against his car mechanic income, and his taxable profit for the year will be £30,000. If he doesn’t claim the trading allowance, his taxable profit for the year will be just £21,000.